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1763

map 1763
Map source: Trappes-Lomax collection


From copies of two maps dating from 1763, given to Great Harwood History Society by a descendent of the Trappes-Lomax family, it has been possible to reconstruct a map which covers the entire township. This shows and names almost every field and most probably the majority of houses and buildings.
If, as we believe, the map of 1603 shows that open field farming was taking place then this map shows that sometime in the previous 160 years this had disappeared and the land had been divided between several farms. Cross referencing the various farms listed in lease registers and other documents with the fields on the map made it possible to determine the location of many of the farms.


Fielden’s Tenement

Another farm with a long history was also an inn for many years, the Queen’s Head, which was on the corner of Delph Road and Church Street, but which was listed in the 1861 census as 1 Queen Street. This has been identified from various sources as Fielden’s tenement, formerly also known as Duckworth’s tenement. It was an inn since at least 1754 when Lawrence Walmsley either acquired or renewed the lease on the buildings and land; he is shown in the parish register of St. Bartholomew’s Church to have been a weaver and innkeeper in 1739.
12 Sep 1754 A. Nowell to Laur. Walmesley, innkeeper Lease of Duckworths tenement, and closes called Backside, garden, orchard, fold, croft, Duckworths croft, Little meadow, Pass Bank, Over hey, Bear yard, Nipser hey, Further meadow, Smallshaw Hey and the Paddocks. Cons. £16 rent £14 16s. Area 15a 2r 36p. Lives of lessee 46, James his son 19, Robert his son 11.
Between 1770 and 1773 Robert and Lawrence Walmsley assigned the parts of the tenement left to them by their father to Robert Isherwood, who bought this and other land in the town at this time. Neither Robert nor Lawrence appear to have carried on in the occupation of innkeeper, but as a Thomas Hindle is listed as at the Queen’s Head in sale particulars for the Nowell estate in 1773 then it could be that either Ellen or Margaret, both of whom married men named Thomas Hindle, did carry on in the footsteps of Lawrence their father.



Calvert’s Tenement

In 1754 George Duckworth was the lessee of Calvert’s Tenement, the lands he farmed were scattered to the south of Queen Street and included Bean Flatt, shown on this section of the map, and which was probably the site of the farm house.
It is clear that farms tended to retain the names of previous owners for some time and the most likely owner of this land before 1754 would be Robert Calvert, or possibly one of his sons. Robert came to live in Great Harwood before 1678, when an entry in the parish register for Church Kirk at the baptism of his son Nicholas lists him as being from Great Harwood. His will states that he was a clothier, but he would also have been engaged in agriculture to some extent. As a clothier he would have been involved in the organisation and putting out of woollen yarn to the local hand loom weavers. It isn’t known how long the Calvert family held this land, but Robert died in 1719. His will lists a desk and a Bible, indicating that he was literate and probably educated, despite not signing his will, which may have been because of infirmity.
In 1763 George Duckworth sub-let Calvert’s tenement to Robert Birtwistle for 21 years, but it is clear that this branch of the Birtwistle family were to occupy the farm until the death of the grandsons of Robert - Robinson, John and James Birtwistle. The map of 1851 shows a well close to the farmhouse named ‘Old Robert’s Well’; Robert Birtwistle died in 1825 aged 90 and it is very likely the well was named for him. The last of the family to die was James Birtwistle in 1888, but the farm continued until at least 1891 when John Bickerstaffe is listed as the farmer there. By 1903 however a Richard Stockdale, butcher, was listed in a directory for that address, which was by then 38 Queen Street, on the corner of Joiner’s Alley. How old that particular building is would be difficult to determine, but it is most likely the site of Calvert’s tenement and farmed for at least two hundred years.




The  Will of Robert Calvert of Great Harwood

In the name of God Amen the 20 day of June in the yeare of our Lord 1718 I Robert Calvard of Harwood Magna in the County Lancaster clothier being infirme in body but of sound and perfect mind and memery thanks be to almighty god doe make publish and declare this my last will and Testament as followeth first I commend my soul to Almighty God my creator asueredly trusting through the meritorious death and passion of my Saviour and Redeemer Jesus Christ to be saved and my body to be buryed in such decent and Christian maner as my executors hereafter shall think fit and as for such worldly goods as it hath pleased God to bestow upon me I give and bequeath the same as followeth first I give and bequeath to my son Joshua my bed as it stands and all my Clothes with the chest that they are in likewise the Cheare that I sit in and the great Bible. Item I give and bequeath to my daughter Marye my Trunk and that which is in it and the Table Cheare. Item I give to Robert my Desk. Item I give and bequeath to my son John one shilling to be paid within six months if he demands itt after my decease and whereas my son Jonathan now stand bound to me by Obligation conditioned for payments of six pounds a yeare for two years next to come I doe give and bequeath the same to Danial, Joshua, Obadiah, Jonathan, Samuall, Robert, Mary my sons and daughter equally to be divided amongst them at either payment thereof to become due. After my decease not one to be proved before another And I doe nominate and appoint the said Danial and Joshua and noe other of my sons extrs of this my last will and Testament in wittness whereof I have unto put my hand and seale the day and yeare above saide.

Sealed signed and published                                          Robert Calvert
and declared in the presences of                                                 his marke
Alexander Marcer              
John Polard


 

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Queens Head Great Harwood
Queens Head, Great Harwood


The Will of Lawrence Walmsley 1765

In the name of God Amen the Eighteenth day of November in the year of our lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Sixty five I Laurence Walmsley of Great Harwood in the County of Lancaster Yeoman being Sick and weak in Body but of Sound mind memory and understanding Praised be Almighty God for the same do make and publish this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following to witt first of All I give and Devise unto Robert Walmsley my son that part of my Leasehold Messuage and Tenement which I now dwell in Commonly known by the Names of the Shop, the Shop Chamber and part of the celler as the same is now divided and occupied with the Wast ground at the west end of the said House and one half of the Garden To hold to him the said Robert Walmsley his Heirs and assigns during the Continuance of the Lives by which the same is held Subject to the payment of twenty shillings yearly and every year unto Sarah my Wife during her natural life if the Lives by which the same is held or any of them fortune so long to live Also I give and Devise unto Laurence Walmsley my son all the remainder of my leasehold Estate lying and being in Great Harwood aforesaid now in the Possession and Occupation of my self and one Ezra Riley to hold to him my said son Laurence his heirs and Assigns during the Continuance of the Lives by which the same is held Subject Nevertheless to the payment of the Rents and performance of the Covenants and Agreements mentioned in the original Lease by which the same is held and likewise Subject to the payment of the sum of Thirty five Pounds to my other Executor hereinafter named within twelve Months next after my Decease I give and bequeath unto Ellen my Daughter the wife of Thomas Hindle of Lower Fold within Great Harwood aforsaid the sum of five pounds also I give and bequeath unto Ann and Mary two other of my Daughters the sum of five pounds apiece I also give and bequeath unto James Walmsley my son the sum of three pounds all which said legacy I order to be paid within Twelve months next after my Decease out of my Personal Estate I also give and bequeath unto Margaret Ellen and Ann my Daughters each of them two silver Tea Spoons Then all the rest residue and remainder of my Goods Cattle Chattles and personal Estate whatsoever and wheresoever of what Value and Kind soever after payment of my Just Debts and Funeral Expences together with the Thirty five Pounds in the hands of my Executors I give and bequeath unto and Amongst James my son Margaret my Daughter the Wife of Thomas Hindle of Rishton, Ellen, Ann, and Mary my Daughters share and share alike and lastly I do hereby Nominate and Appoint Laurence Walmsley my son and William Aspden of Great Harwood Executors of this my last Will and Testament hoping they will see the same faithfully performed as my trust is in them reposed in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and years first above written
Signed sealed published and declared by the above named Laurence Walmsley as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses thereto in the presence of the said Testator and in the presence of each other
John Calvert                                                                   Laurence Walmsley
John Duckworth
Cuthbert Gibson



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