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1814

1814 map

Legend to 1814 map

Source: Trappes-Lomax collection


This plan was made in 1814 and shows the Isherwood Estate which comprised lands bought from the Nowells some time after 1770. Three farms are shown; Fieldens, Wilkinsons and Dugdales, and all were in what later became Queen Street. Fieldens was centred on the Queen’s Head Inn, Wilkinsons at the corner of the Town Gate and Queen Street and Dugdales on the east of Barnmeadow Lane.
Comparing this plan with the plan made in 1763 shows more buildings in the area of Queen Street. The period between these two maps saw a steady increase in population, which was partly a result of the dual-economy of agriculture and part-time textile production. The fact that people were not dependent on obtaining land before marriage enabled couples to marry at a younger age and have larger families with more children surviving to adulthood.


 


Evidence of other industrial activity for these years can be gleaned from both the estate papers of the Lomax family and the autobiography of John Mercer, who said:
‘It so happened that Peels had  a size house just below where I lived, they had a large building with boiling warps in, so I got pots, a middle bit of cloth about 6 inches at every woven piece end, that belonged to the weaver, so that I had, or could get plenty of trial cloths.  So then I had hot water, pots and dye, having all at hand and plenty of room at the back of the size house’.
The way the autobiography is written makes it slightly ambiguous as to where John Mercer was living at the time, but another discovery among the estate papers of the Trappes-Lomax family shows that the size house would probably be in an area formerly known as Bean Flatt, now Queen Street and the land behind:
‘20 July 1792 tenure of Bean Flatt – Robert Birtwistle to Jonathan and Lawrence Peel. Re-purchased 30 Mar 1816.’


Queen Street 1800
Queen Street 1800
Map source: LRO DDLX 19/377a

 

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